Rand Paul – “I’m The Only Republican (Candidate)…”

Rand Paul, in an interview with Katie Couric said:

I’m the only Republican who has been saying over and over again that the war on drugs has had a disproportionate impact on people of color.

In fact I’m still looking for the Democrat candidate who is pounding Prohibition.

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Legalization And Two Ballrooms In DC

Cannabis legalization has just gone into effect in DC. But there are complaints from some Republicans. Jason Chaffetz Says D.C. Officials Could Go to Prison If They Stop Busting People for Pot.

Now it is possible that they could go to prison. Someone would have to file a lawsuit, win the case, and get the Obama Justice Dept. to enforce it. Good luck with all that.

Or the Congress could have passed a bill rescinding the law. Except that with 49 libertarian Republicans in the House allied with the Democrats on the issue there was ZERO chance of that. I look forward to seeing what the Republicans can do about it. Other than diminishing their chances in 2016. Assuming they don’t nominate Rand Paul of course.

Well the Republicans have decided not to touch it:

Anti-pot Republicans interviewed by the Post say they do not plan to challenge Initiative 71 in court and leave consideration of criminal charges to the Justice Department.

And Obama is going to attack a very large majority Black constituency and Democrat enclave? You have to wonder if the Republicans didn’t start smoking the stuff a little early.

Let the hilarity ensue. Heh.

So that makes 4 States and the Nation’s Capitol. With a plan by the anti-Prohibitionists to add at least another five States in 2016.

And polls show that it is mainly over 65 Republicans who are standing in the way of change. And they are dying off at the rate of 1 million a year. Won’t be long now. And because Prohibition is a Federal Law and not a Constitutional Amendment it can be voted out.

It is just a matter of time. All that needs to happen is for a few of the Prohibitionists to loose their seats over the issue and there will be a stampede. Possible in 2016. For sure by 2020.

Ah. But it gets even better.

Two ballrooms on Capitol Hill are already reserved for a pot expo on Feb. 28. A date for a massive marijuana seed giveaway is in the works for early March.

I look forward to seeing “conservative” Republican’s heads explode over that one. Two hundred businesses are expected to be in the ballrooms for the expo.

And a seed give away? Three months later there is going to be a LOT of pot in DC.

It will be interesting to see how Republicans “deal”. Caught between socons and business. Heh. No wonder most of them don’t want to touch the issue.

A little music to go with the politics. This is even better.

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Interpreting our leaders

I am having a huge amount of trouble making sense of a Black History Month call by Vice President Biden (or was it Obama?) for “doing something” that’s “worthy of emancipation”:

Vice President Biden used Tuesday remarks at a Black History Month event to call for action addressing “the 1 percent” and income inequality.

“A lot of wealthy white and black people aren’t bad, but they control 1 percent of the economy and this cannot stand,” Obama told guests gathered at the vice presidential residence in Washington, D.C.

“It’s not fair because the business experts are saying that concentration of wealth is stunting growth,” Obama said.

“So let’s do something that’s worthy of emancipation.”

The vice president didn’t offer specifics. But it’s something we could be hearing more about if Biden decides to seek the presidency in 2016.

Huh? “A lot of wealthy white and black people” control “1 percent of the economy?” I thought the 1 percent was supposed to refer to the percentage of people who control almost half of the economy, but whatever.

And who uttered this latest gaffe? While the headline refers to Biden, the quotes are credited to Obama. Was Obama wrong? Was Biden wrong? Is the story wrong?

It’s getting tougher and tougher to interpret news these days. I am not the only one to notice the problem, although the story that Bill Quick links at least attributes the incomprehensible remarks to Biden instead of Obama.

Should I interpret the news properly and give our moronic veep credit for saying what he probably meant to say?

UPDATE: Since I wrote this post, USA Today has edited the quote by changing “Obama” to “Biden.”

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A Climate Of Denial

People who deny climate should be made to live in one.

Prompted by Prominent Democrat Wants Fuel Industry to Come Clean on Funding Climate Deniers

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Lock yourself in your bedroom! And pray!

A story about a recent home invasion here in Michigan illustrates what the ruling classes want the rest of us to do when burglars invade our homes:

Her husband was working when the woman saw two male suspects knocking on the front door of her home in the 800 block of West VW Avenue around 11:30 p.m. Saturday.

“Someone is pounding on my door and I have no idea why,” the woman told a Kalamazoo County dispatcher in recordings obtained by the Kalamazoo Gazette via the Freedom of Information Act.

The woman then told the dispatcher that two men were outside her home, where her four children were sleeping inside.

“It sounds like they’re trying to break in,” she said.

A few minutes later, the woman told the dispatcher that one of the men was inside her home. Police have identified the man as Christopher Allen Palmer.

The dispatcher then told her to lock herself in a room. But the woman said she was unable to do that. Moments later, she can be heard yelling, “Get out of my house!”

Police said Palmer looked at the woman, who was at the top of the stairs, and he began walking toward the stairs, prompting the woman to fire a shot that struck Palmer in the shoulder.

After a single gunshot is heard on the recording, the woman told the dispatcher that she had shot the alleged intruder.

Within minutes, Kalamazoo County Sheriff’s deputies were on scene and took both men into custody.

Well, good for her! (According to another article, they broke a window and then got inside.)

What I cannot fathom is the dispatcher telling her to lock herself in a room after she told them four children were present in the house. Surely the first responsibility of the “authorities” (assuming a dispatcher is that) should be to protect the kids, right? If the mom locked herself in a room, how could she protect the kids, and what sort of person would tell a mother to do such a thing?

You’d almost think the safety of the home invaders took precedent over the safety of a woman and her children whose home was being invaded on a Saturday night.

 

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Religion ought to matter — at least as much as race!

I don’t think it’s a good idea to question public officials on their religious beliefs, including the president’s. I’m not defending him or his record, but if he says he’s a Christian, what’s the point of inquiring further?

What Obama said:

I am a Christian.

So, I have a deep faith. So I draw from the Christian faith.

On the other hand, I was born in Hawaii where obviously there are a lot of Eastern influences.

I lived in Indonesia, the largest Muslim country in the world, between the ages of six and 10.

My father was from Kenya, and although he was probably most accurately labeled an agnostic, his father was Muslim.

And I’d say, probably, intellectually I’ve drawn as much from Judaism as any other faith.

(A patron stops and says, “Congratulations,” shakes his hand. “Thank you very much. I appreciate that. Thank you.”)

So, I’m rooted in the Christian tradition. I believe that there are many paths to the same place, and that is a belief that there is a higher power, a belief that we are connected as a people. That there are values that transcend race or culture, that move us forward, and there’s an obligation for all of us individually as well as collectively to take responsibility to make those values lived.

And so, part of my project in life was probably to spend the first 40 years of my life figuring out what I did believe – I’m 42 now – and it’s not that I had it all completely worked out, but I’m spending a lot of time now trying to apply what I believe and trying to live up to those values.

GG:

Have you always been a Christian?

OBAMA:

I was raised more by my mother and my mother was Christian.

GG:

Any particular flavor?

OBAMA:

No.

I understand that many people hate the guy, but I think detailed religious inquiries set a very bad precedent.

Those who are doing this should remember that while such concerns might be of interest to voters, they were frowned on by the founders of the country — to the point that they put this in the Constitution:

…no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States.

I think that’s a good rule, and I wish people who believe in religious tests would stay the hell away from government.

MORE: While I am sick to death of such subjects after 12 years of writing this blog, I nonetheless have a question similar to those I have had from the start.

Assuming the country has a president who is an asshole, why does it follow that he should be replaced by a different kind of asshole?

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The Real Danger Is Right Wing Extremists

The DHS is finally getting something right. Our terrorist violence problem in America is NOT the Religion of Peace™, it is right wing extremism.
 


 
From the page I found the video on comes this:

The Homeland Security report, produced in coordination with the FBI, counts 24 violent sovereign citizen-related attacks across the U.S. since 2010.

That is about 6 attacks a year with no deaths reported.

However they do report this:

The White House has fended off criticism in recent days for its reluctance to say the words “Islamist extremism,” even as the conference this week almost entirely focused on helping imams and community groups to counteract the lure of groups like ISIS.

Now I get it. The real extremists are people who just want to be left alone.

==================

Well it is starting to get real ugly.

Are you now, or have you ever been a member of any anti-science organization? is the implied question from Barack Obama’s “Organizing for Action”. Pay no attention to the record cold and snows in the Eastern half of the US. No matter how frozen you feel, it is not global.

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“Conversation”

Nice closed system explained here:

Racism has become an all-purpose explanation for bad black outcomes, be they social or economic. If you disagree and are white, you’re a bigot. If you disagree and are black, you’re a sell-out.

Jason Riley (the guy who said that) is black, which means he is a sell-out, as are any blacks who agree with him. And any white person who agrees with him is a racist.

It’s called a “conversation.”

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New Age?

“While it is said that the New Age is difficult to define, an integral part of New Age religion is belief in patently nonsensical stuff.”

Interesting. I never thought of people who vote Republican in the belief that doing so will get them more freedom or smaller government as “New Age.” – Thomas Knapp

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Up with childhood!

M. Simon’s post about Vietnam reminded me what it was like to be a college student during that period. Many young men whose parents could not afford college (or whose grades weren’t good enough) were drafted and sent to war.

Why?

Because there was a war,  and because there was a draft, that’s why. It just so happened that this particular war sucked, but the principle was the same as in World War II. It was considered the patriotic duty of young men to go off and fight in the nation’s wars.

Whether mandatory wartime service is a good thing or not can certainly be debated, but the topic reminded me of an inane piece by University of Chicago Law Professor Eric Posner, who claims that college students are children, who should not have the same rights as their elders, and who should not be allowed free speech on college campuses:

Lately, a moral panic about speech and sexual activity in universities has reached a crescendo. Universities have strengthened rules prohibiting offensive speech typically targeted at racial, ethnic, and sexual minorities; taken it upon themselves to issue “trigger warnings” to students when courses offer content that might upset them; banned sexual acts that fall short of rape under criminal law but are on the borderline of coercion; and limited due process protections of students accused of violating these rules.

Most liberals celebrate these developments, yet with a certain uneasiness. Few of them want to apply these protections to society at large. Conservatives and libertarians are up in arms. They see these rules as an assault on free speech and individual liberty. They think universities are treating students like children. And they are right. But they have also not considered that the justification for these policies may lie hidden in plain sight: that students are children. Not in terms of age, but in terms of maturity. Even in college, they must be protected like children while being prepared to be adults.

There is a popular, romantic notion that students receive their university education through free and open debate about the issues of the day. Nothing could be farther from the truth. Students who enter college know hardly anything at all—that’s why they need an education.

Got that? By his logic, young draftees and volunteers in the armed forces are not young men and women, but children. So, according to this thinking, are all students, regardless of age.

While it is not entirely clear exactly how the professor defines childhood (he does not specify an age cutoff), his contention that college students are children might not play well with the many college students who decided to get degrees after serving in the military or working in the real world. These people would be adults by any reasonable standard, and there are many of them attending college:

Thirty-eight percent of those enrolled in higher education are over the age of 25 and one-fourth are over the age of 30. The share of all students who are over age 25 is projected to increase another twenty-three percent by 2019.

That those who are 25 and older are adults by any conceivable definition of the word is so obvious that it really shouldn’t require debate. Except, apparently, for Professor Posner, who has taken it upon himself to label a large number of adults as children undeserving of the same rights other Americans take for granted.

Let me admit my bias here. I am a student at a local community college, and about to acquire a degree in Welding. I am 60, and while that would undoubtedly place me in or near the outlier area of a normal bell curve, there are plenty of older adults attending community college.

In fact, the average age of a community college student is 29.

But never mind that. If you enter college for any reason, at any age, you become a child in need of protection and indoctrination. For that, libertarians and conservatives should rejoice.

If college students are children, then they should be protected like children. Libertarians should take heart that the market in private education offers students a diverse assortment of ideological cultures in which they can be indoctrinated. Conservatives should rejoice that moral instruction and social control have been reintroduced to the universities after a 40-year drought. Both groups should be pleased that students are kept from harm’s way, and kept from doing harm, until they are ready to accept the responsibilities of adults.

I’m so glad someone thinks I am in need of protection and need to be shielded from responsibility!

I feel much safer now.

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The Last Days In Vietnam

From: HuffPo

What is most ironic is that the left is celebrating what some of our military did. Back in the day they voted against arming the South Vietnamese in order to help them resist the Communists. So in a very big way this is revisionist history. Still…
 


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There Are Questions

If they can get you to ask the wrong questions, they don’t have to worry about the answers.” – Thomas Pynchon.

Suggested by – Daniel Hopsicker

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Wind Power

Wind Mills

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Training Spies

Tradecraft is the term used to describe how spies should behave in order to keep their spying secret.

We have a whole system in America for making criminals who live tradecraft. We make them by the millions. It is called Prohibition.

Who did we go to first when we wanted to penetrate Germany in WW2? The German criminal underground.

Another reason why Prohibitions are a very bad idea. We have 10% of the population now disposed – more or less – to violate conventional morality and who live tradecraft. Far too many. And if a Foreign Intelligence Service finds a person in a useful position it has a blackmail tool to get leverage. Our intel services may be – in part – behind gay acceptance. The loss of Alan Turing still hurts.

The trouble gets very large because about 1/2 of people from age 18 to about 60 have at least tried an illegal drug. So many that they can no longer automatically be ruled out when they tell the truth on a security form. And of course some will lie.

And it gets worse. In Redmond and many other places in the computer industry they don’t even test for drugs. Because far too many of the good or better people are users. They don’t want to know. All they say is “if you have an accident on the job and test positive or get caught we will have to get rid of you.”

As you know I follow the subject closely. And in my estimation our intel people have decided that Prohibition no longer provides the value it once did. It is now a liability. They have withdrawn their defense. Which does not call attention to their change of heart but does have the required effect.

I know you don’t like it my prohibitionist friends – but the sooner we integrate all those people back into society the safer we will be. Look at all the trouble gays caused us in the cold war.

You want to know the big tell for me? (I had been getting small hints for the last 4 or 5 years) Newt Gingrich – once a top drug warrior – campaigned for the decrim of heroin (and pot) in Calif. It passed. And it was so uncontroversial that except in Calif. it hardly made the news. What is another tell? Georgia (IIRC) passed a gay marriage bill.

Social liberalism is a requirement for defense against espionage. We should make as few people criminals as is possible. Reduce the recruiting pool. And our liberalism also gives us a recruiting tool against those not so liberal.

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Oil Tops Bottom Or Maybe Oil Bottoms Top

For some reason the video at this link is not showing up. You should watch it. As long as oil is going into storage the price is too high.

The recent surge in oil prices is just a “head-fake,” and oil as cheap as $20 a barrel may soon be on the way, Citigroup said in a report on Monday as it lowered its forecast for crude.

Despite global declines in spending that have driven up oil prices in recent weeks, oil production in the U.S. is still rising, wrote Edward Morse, Citigroup’s global head of commodity research. Brazil and Russia are pumping oil at record levels, and Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran have been fighting to maintain their market share by cutting prices to Asia. The market is oversupplied, and storage tanks are topping out.

A pullback in production isn’t likely until the third quarter, Morse said. In the meantime, West Texas Intermediate Crude, which currently trades at around $52 a barrel, could fall to the $20 range “for a while,” according to the report. The U.S. shale-oil revolution has broken OPEC’s ability to manipulate prices and maximize profits for oil-producing countries.

Place your bets accordingly.

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I wasn’t lying! My memory turned out to be false!

Lots of people have memory issues, and there are many things I have forgotten. That’s the nature of memory loss.

What’s more interesting is the current debate (among scientists, no less) about a different kind of memory failure: the creation of false memories:

While some are accusing Brian Williams of deliberately lying about his account of being on a helicopter under attack in Iraq, researchers have long said that memory is not as straightforward as we tend to think.

Williams is under pressure for telling changing versions of the helicopter ride, which he took during the 2003 invasion of Iraq, and researchers who have been studying human memory have a number of potential explanations for that.

For decades, Elizabeth Loftus, a professor of psychology and social behavior at UC Irvine, has been conducting research that plants false memories of events in people’s minds. People are convinced of these made-up memories through the power of suggestion, Loftus said.

There are plenty of situations that could influence the creation of false memories, including conversations someone might have with another person, or a news story a person might read. Loftus said it was “certainly feasible” that Williams could have developed the false memory that put him onboard a U.S. military helicopter that was hit and forced down by enemy fire in 2003.

“Memory is susceptible to contamination and distortion and supplementation. It happens to virtually all of us,” Loftus said. “This could easily be the development of a false memory.”

I served on a jury years ago in a case involving a convict charged with the crime of escape. He had complained of being sick, was taken to the hospital where he climbed out a bathroom window, called his brother who arrived with a change of clothes, following which the two stole a car and went on a crime spree. His defense was that he had no memory of the events. It struck the jury as ridiculous, but maybe it wasn’t.

When Bill Clinton said he didn’t have sex with that woman, or didn’t inhale, maybe he, too, had developed false memories.

Lots of people have been caught lying on resumes, making false claims of military service, and some women have been known to have reported rape claims which turned out to be false. If false memory syndrome can occur, then who is anyone to say that someone was actually lying? By what standard?

A related phenomenon is “recovered” false memory. One woman realized that she had lied about her father molesting her, and later wrote a book about it.

Meredith Maran lived a daughter’s nightmare: she accused her father of sexual abuse, then realized, nearly too late, that he was innocent.

During the 1980s and 1990s, tens of thousands of Americans became convinced that they had repressed memories of childhood sexual abuse, and then, decades later, recovered those memories in therapy.

Journalist, mother, and daughter Meredith Maran was one of them. Her accusation and estrangement from her father caused her sons to grow up without their only grandfather, divided her family into those who believed her and those who didn’t, and led her to isolate herself on “Planet Incest,” where “survivors” devoted their lives, and life savings, to recovering memories of events that had never occurred.

Maran unveils her family’s devastation and ultimate redemption against the backdrop of the sex-abuse scandals, beginning with the infamous McMartin preschool trial, that sent hundreds of innocents to jail-several of whom remain imprisoned today.

Exploring the psychological, cultural, and neuroscientific causes of this modern American witch-hunt, My Lie asks: how could so many people come to believe the same lie at the same time? What has neuroscience discovered about the brain’s capacity to create false memories and encode false beliefs?

The phenomenon has been around since at least the time of the Salem witch trials.

 

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Fiddling with numbers

That’s what they’re doing, the goal being to transform a graph showing downward temperatures into a graph showing upward temperatures.

The process is called “adjusting the data.” And (surprise!) the math has issues:

The statistical methods used in the paper are so bad as to merit use in a class on how not to do applied statistics. 

I don’t think there’d be much interest in such a class.

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Aaron Swartz And Keynes

I was reading the Guardian and came across this comment on an article about Aaron Swartz.

Brilliant guy: I read his review of Keynes’s General Theory after I’d spent two weeks grappling with it. He summed it up beautifully, and I had decades on him.

In other words he mastered the essentials of macroeconomics by going to the founding text and teaching himself … out of interest.

I won’t forget that.

So I decided to have a look at the Swartz review of Keynes. Well I was gobsmacked. Because of the hatred of the “rich” everybody has gotten Keynes wrong for how long? Almost a century. Everyone has blamed recessions/depressions on money. Especially economists since their focus is the study of money. Men in top hats and monocles have been ruining the rest of us according to the common interpretation of Keynes. And politicians like Keynes because they like the idea of the state controlling things. Especially money. It doesn’t work.

So I replied to the comment:

Well, Aaron and Keynes missed a big one: unproductive investments on the books. In the past the purpose of recessions/depressions was to clear those off the books. The sooner they can be cleared (by investors taking losses – generally) the sooner recovery happens. The lesson of the great depression (read Friedman and also Hayek’s Nobel lecture) was that the people holding the bad paper were protected. This slowed clearing the books. That extended the depression. Keynes and Swartz also leave out what the “rich” do with their unspent money. They try to find profitable investment. Build capital. Swartz and Keynes assume the mattress theory of money. The money goes into a mattress (bank) and does nothing useful. So what governments can do to counter that is give people money to spend.

So maybe Swartz was not so smart after all.

So how can government actually reduce the lengths of and severity of recessions? Keep a constant stream of new knowledge coming. A recession is an indicator that the money flows need to change direction. You know who gets it? Y-Combinator.

Recessions are not a money problem. They are an idea problem. The big failure is that people latched on to Keynes ideas about money and paid scant attention to his points about ideas.

And Keynes’ talk about Gold mining as a disutility? Au contraire. It is a very useful metal. If used for something other than a store of value. All my circuit boards are gold plated.

I could go on.

I agree that Swartz’ death is a tragedy. But on Keynes – he got misled as has everyone else since Keynes. And Keynes himself never (to my knowledge ) corrected the error of focus. The problem is not money. It is productive ideas. And the people capable of implementing them.

===

I might add that Marx also had the same problem. He assumed that people had run out of productive ideas and all that remained was to figure out an equitable way to share the pie. Because the pie was not going to get much larger. The only thing Keynes got differently was that new ideas had some utility and government by controlling the mass flows of money could make those new ideas happen. It doesn’t work that way.

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Is Joe Biden Getting A Sex Change Operation?

According to this report:

Biden’s office confirmed that the vice president was expected to be abroad during Netanyahu’s visit.

That is a surprise. But maybe it is only temporary.

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Russia Today

What is Russia’s end game?

…look at the reports Russian TV was showing from the Donetsk region. He had never seen anything like the piles of corpses and the humiliation of captives before. Far from playing its old games with conspiracy theorists, it looked as if the new and decidedly unpost-modern line from the Kremlin was ‘prepare the viewers for war’. If he’s right, then a divided Europe, which spends as little as it can on its armed forces, will have to face the fact that Putin will try to humiliate it by sending undercover troops into the Nato countries on the Baltic. You might say he would be mad to do so. Russia has little to gain from provoking further sanctions, and risks uniting Nato around its core principle that an attack on one is an attack on all. But reason and Russia don’t go together. While Pomerantsev was talking, a passage from Bill Browder’s autobiography came back to me. Russia was like a prison yard, Browder wrote:

‘When someone is crossing the year coming for you, you have to kill him before he kills you. If you don’t, if you manage to survive, you will have to become someone’s bitch. That’s the calculus that every oligarch and every Russian politician goes through every day.’

Putin has to come keep coming at the West to show he is not a weakling and a coward, who could be taken out by a rival. And if he gets away with it, Europe will be his bitch.

I have looked into Putin’s eyes presents another view.

Putin is centrally driven by his determination to restore Russia as a power to be taken seriously. He deeply mistrusts the West. But he is not a risk taker. His pride in Russia was apparent every time I saw him, from lavish Kremlin receptions to celebrate Russia’s artistic elite to his cold response at a Downing Street meeting to hearing that a gas project was going to cost Russia billions more than anticipated – eventually followed by Russian expropriation of the company concerned. His caution has been much questioned since the annexation of Crimea last year – which took virtually all observers (including me) by surprise. But the Putin I knew was a man who judged situations very carefully, was very conscious of Russia’s relative weakness vis-à-vis the West, and only took action if he was confident he had a decisive advantage, or felt himself unbearably provoked – as in Georgia in 2008. There is simply no evidence for the Western hysteria about a revanchist Russia. The Putin I know is not going to take on Nato.

None the less, getting out of the mess in Ukraine is not going to be easy. Putin has nailed his flag to the mast of protecting the East Ukrainian dissidents. Nor will he let Ukraine abandon its neutral status and join Nato. He is not going to let economic pressures, or even the supply of arms, force him to accept a deal which damages what he views as vital Russian interests. He knows the Russian elite, and people, are firmly behind him on all this.

Which reminds me of this:

”Britain and France had to choose between war and dishonor. They chose dishonor. They will have war. Winston Churchill

I think we are in for it again. And only 70 years later.

It all works for Russia because Europe depends on Russia for its energy supplies. Anti-fracking is not working well in America. But Europe is Putin’s bitch because of their anti-fracking stance. They can hardly resist Russia when their energy (natural gas especially) depends on Russia.

And guess who is working to make Europe dependent on Russia?

A shadowy Bermudan company that has funneled tens of millions of dollars to anti-fracking environmentalist groups in the United States is run by executives with deep ties to Russian oil interests and offshore money laundering schemes involving members of President Vladimir Putin’s inner circle.

One of those executives, Nicholas Hoskins, is a director at a hedge fund management firm that has invested heavily in Russian oil and gas. He is also senior counsel at the Bermudan law firm Wakefield Quin and the vice president of a London-based investment firm whose president until recently chaired the board of the state-owned Russian oil company Rosneft.

In addition to those roles, Hoskins is a director at a company called Klein Ltd. No one knows where that firm’s money comes from. Its only publicly documented activities have been transfers of $23 million to U.S. environmentalist groups that push policies that would hamstring surging American oil and gas production, which has hurt Russia’s energy-reliant economy.

With oil prices plunging as a result of a fracking-induced oil glut in the United States, experts say the links between Russian oil interests, secretive foreign political donors, and high-profile American environmentalists suggest Russia may be backing anti-fracking efforts in the United States.

The interest of Russian oil companies and American environmentalist financiers intersect at a Bermuda-based law firm called Wakefield Quin.

All warfare is based on deception.

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